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Highly Hazardous Pesticides

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About Highly Hazardous Pesticides

Pesticides are inherently hazardous, and among them, a relatively small number of Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) cause disproportionate harm to the environment and human health including severe environmental hazards, high acute and chronic toxicity.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) code of conduct (FAO and WHO in 2013) and the Guidelines on Highly Hazardous Pesticides (FAO and WHO 2016) adopted the following definition:

“Highly Hazardous Pesticides means pesticides that are acknowledged to present particularly high levels of acute or chronic hazards to health or environment according to internationally accepted classification systems such as WHO or Global Harmonized System (GHS) or their listing in relevant binding international agreements or conventions. In addition, pesticides that appear to cause severe or irreversible harm to health or the environment under conditions of use in a country may be considered to be and treated as highly hazardous”.

Many stakeholders have called for action, guidance and support to address HHPs. These stakeholder groups include regulatory authorities, agricultural extension and public health advisory services, health services and poison control centres, farmers and farmer associations, trade unions and agricultural workers’ organizations, private sector, civil society. Since then, there have been some initiatives to address HHPs by various stakeholder groups including Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), academia, the private sector and Governments, which in some cases have collaborated regionally through their respective Regional Economic Communities (RECs). The common goal of all these efforts is to eliminate the short and long-term health and environment impacts of HHPs.In 2015, SAICM Fourth International Conference of Chemicals Management (ICCM4) adopted a resolution that recognizes HHPs as an issue of international concern and calls for concerted action to address HHPs.

 

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International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management
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International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management

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  • Policy document
    International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management

    Policy document

    International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management

    The International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management  is the framework on pesticide management for all public and private entities engaged in, or associated with, production, regulation...

  • Community of practice summary of discussions
    Overview of the HHP Global Action Plan and way forward

    Community of practice summary of discussions

    Overview of the HHP Global Action Plan and way forward

    The SAICM Secretariat, in partnership with the University of Cape Town, established a community of practice on Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) to foster discussions, exchange of best practices, and recommendations to address HHPs amongst relevant stakeholders. This is a summary of the discussion on Overview of the HHP Global Action Plan and way forward, which took place on 21 October 2020.Dr Baogen Gu

  • Manuals and toolkits
    Replacing Chemicals with Biology: Phasing out highly hazardous pesticides with agroecology

    Manuals and toolkits

    Replacing Chemicals with Biology: Phasing out highly hazardous pesticides with agroecology

    The purpose of this publication is to provide information drawn from all regions to assist countries in replacing HHPs with ecosystem-based approaches to pest1 and crop management – replacing chemicals with biology. It draws together previously published and new material in a form that is accessible for policy- and decision-makers at the national and international level, as well as providing practical guidance at the farm and farm-support level. It also points out that use, and phasing out, of HHPs must be seen in the context not only of human health and environmental impacts and costs, but also in the context of food security, poverty reduction, and climate change.

  • Community of practice summary of discussions
    Examples and case studies on strategies for identifying HHPs from different perspectives

    Community of practice summary of discussions

    Examples and case studies on strategies for identifying HHPs from different perspectives

    The SAICM Secretariat, in partnership with the University of Cape Town, established a community of practice on Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) to foster discussions, exchange of best practices, and recommendations to address HHPs amongst relevant stakeholders. This is a summary of the discussion on Examples and case studies on strategies for identifying HHPs from different perspectives, which took place on 16 September 2020.

  • Community of practice summary of discussions
    Perspectives on addressing HHPs in the SAICM context

    Community of practice summary of discussions

    Perspectives on addressing HHPs in the SAICM context

    The SAICM Secretariat, in partnership with the University of Cape Town, established a community of practice on Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) to foster discussions, exchange of best practices, and recommendations to address HHPs amongst relevant stakeholders. This is a summary of the discussion on Perspectives on addressing HHPs in the SAICM context, which took place on 19 August 2020.

  • Community of practice summary of discussions
    Mapping the global landscape of HHP risk reduction work

    Community of practice summary of discussions

    Mapping the global landscape of HHP risk reduction work

    The SAICM Secretariat, in partnership with the University of Cape Town, established a community of practice on Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) to foster discussions, exchange of best practices,...

  • Factsheets and brochures
    Agroecology – a viable option to phase out highly hazardous pesticides in Ethiopia

    Factsheets and brochures

    Agroecology – a viable option to phase out highly hazardous pesticides in Ethiopia

    Progressive ban of the use of highly hazardous pesticideshas been recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organisation since 2006 due to the confirmed adverse impacts they can cause. This short booklet reveals the level of HHPs use in Ethiopia; the human health, environmental and economic impacts of using HHPs; the availability of tested alternatives to HHPs; and it recommends the progressive phase out of HHPs from Ethiopia.

  • Infographic
    Infographics on Highly Hazardous Pesticides

    Infographic

    Infographics on Highly Hazardous Pesticides

    It's time to regulate Highly Hazardous Pesticides!It won’t compromise agriculture, but it will save lives.This document was prepared by WHO under the Global Environment Facility (GEF) full sized...

  • Website
    Pesticide Registration Toolkit

    Website

    Pesticide Registration Toolkit

    The FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit is a decision support system for pesticide registrars in developing countries. It will assist registrars in the evaluation and authorization of pesticides. The Toolkit can best be considered as a web-based registration handbook intended for day-to-day use by pesticide registrars.

  • Article
    Safer use of chemicals can help protect biodiversity

    Article

    Safer use of chemicals can help protect biodiversity

    From the smallest parasitic bacterium living in the bladder of a primate to the blue whale - biodiversity refers to the vast variety of life on this planet.Biodiversity can be felt everywhere –...