Baseline Information for the Lead Paint Country Situation in Nigeria
Lead in Nigerian paints is another route of lead into the environment and exposure can be caused as a result of inhalation or ingestion especially in children. In 2008, SRADeV Nigeria under the auspices of International Pollutants Elimination Network (IPEN) collected and analyzed decorative paints produced and/or marketed in Nigeria. All the sampled paint brands were found to contain lead higher than 90ppm, in fact up to an alarming level of 129,837ppm in one case. At that time, there were no regulatory limit for the paint sector.
In another study carried out between July to August 2016, a total of 54 cans of solvent-based paint intended for home use purchased from stores in Lagos, Nigeria, analytical results showed 74% of the samples had values higher than 90ppm as well as peak value of 160,000ppm. Moreover, it has been estimated that lead exposure accounts for 7-25% of the disease burden among Nigerian children, and a 50% decrease in childhood BLL could save up to $1 billion per years. Like other West African countries, the economic cost due to lead exposure is estimated at $27.9 Billion'. There are yet still barriers to this abuse to their use such as lack of regulations, access to vendors and lack of awareness of small and medium-sized manufacturers (SMEs) to the need for phasing out lead paint.
Therefore, the Federal Ministry of Environment with key sectors stakeholders as well as Paint Manufacturers Association (PMA) of Nigeria in response to the shocking results have joined UNEP and other developing countries together with IPEN/SRADev Nigeria partnership and launched National Lead Paint Elimination Campaign. In response to the international effort to eliminate lead in paint, the Global Environment Facility project on global best practices on emerging chemical policy issues of concern under the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management was launched in January 2019. In Nigeria, International Pollutants Elimination Network (IPEN) participation organization Sustainable Research and Action for Environmental Development (SRADev Nigeria) implements the national activities with support and guidance from IPEN's international team. A baseline information study on paint market in Nigeria is a preliminary deliverable of the project.